A Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) is a qualification that permits the holder to act as a pilot of an aircraft and be paid for his/her work.
The basic requirements to obtain the Licence and the privileges it confers are agreed internationally by DGCA However the actual implementation varies quite widely from country to country. According to DGCA, to be eligible for a commercial pilot Licence, the applicant must be able to read, speak, write, and understand English already hold a private pilot Licence, have received training in the areas of a commercial pilot, and successfully complete the relevant written exams. To proceed in obtaining a commercial pilot Licence, the applicant must first obtain first-class medical certification. The DGCA has several approved courses leading to the issue of commercial pilot's Licence with an instrument rating without first obtaining a private pilot's Licence. Upon completing those prerequisites the applicant will then receive an exam from the governing aviation body that consists of an oral and practical flight test from an examiner.
Applicants for a CPL (aero planes) must also have completed a solo cross-country flight of at least 300 nm with full-stop landings at two airfields other than the pilot's airfield of origin.
Different types of commercial pilot certificates or Licences are issued for the major categories of aircraft: airplanes, airships, balloons, gliders, gyroplanes and helicopters. As noted below, depending on the issuing jurisdiction these may all be on the same document.
A certificate/Licence will contain a number of sub-qualifications or ratings. These specify in more detail the actual privileges of the Licence, including the types of aircraft that can be flown (single-engine or multiengine), whether flight under instrument flight rules is allowed (instrument rating), and whether instructing and examining of trainee pilots can be done (instructor or examiner rating). It may be possible to show these ratings at different levels.
An average student is expected to attain a CPL in 200 hours of flying training in a single engine aircraft and 20 hours of instrument training in our ATC 710 simulator. All airlines prefer candidates who have an intrument rating.